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Mohawk Midgetape 44



Used Google translator

     Mohawk Midgetape 44 (BR-1).     The very first of a series of recorders Mohawk Midgetape company "Mohawk business machines corp. Brooklyn 33. N.Y. ", USA. It produced since 1955, and was worth $ 249.50. In 1954, it was announced, and promised to sell at $ 197.50, but in 1955 it had advertised with a price of $ 249.50.

In the photo from left to announce in the magasine "Tape Recording" №8 of 1954, further advertising in the same journal in 1955. However, in the August issue of "High Fidelity Magazine" for 1955 it had advertised with a price of $ 229.50 - pictured right. Perhaps the price of different complete sets.

     Later models were made Midgetape 300, Midgetape 400 and 500 Midgetape "Professional". Model Midgetape 44 originally sold under the name Midgetape BR-1, and on my copies made in 1956, there are both markings and Midgetape 44 and BR-1. Structure and kinematics of all models are nearly identical. Read more about this in the description  Mohawk_Midgetape_300.
     The main feature of Midgetape 44 is that its wiring diagram is made on radio tubes. In this amplifier uses three subminiature radio tubes XFY54 (1 pc.), And XFW40 (2 pcs.). They are inserted into the five-contact socket, mounted on a ceramic (steatite) plate measuring 25 x 24 x 1 mm, which is in turn soldered to the window textolite board amplifier. On the ceramic plate are also planar capacitors and resistors amplifier circuit. In fact, the whole amplifier is built on this ceramic plate, and textolite board placed only a few minor details. For 1956 all performed very technologically. All ceramic capacitors amplifier, and the circuit no electrolytic capacitor. Since the recorder tube, it requires three voltages, 9 v - for motor, 1,5 v - for a filament of radio tubes, and 30 v - anode voltage. In fact, these radio tubes designed for the anode voltage 15 - 22 v, and to have enough battery 24 v. Homemade battery, which I have made instead of the original is made of two batteries of 12 v, type MN.
Also in the recorders could be used in radio tubes - type counterparts CK542DX and CK549DX, or CK525AX and CK512AX..
     Kinematics of the recorder is very simple, but provides a stable speed of the tape. Fast forward is absent, and rewind by using flip handles, located on the upper lid. Versatile and erase heads are united in molded monoblock. To connect a microphone uses a round connector and headphone jack and output cable - simple two-contact connector without a key. Built-in speaker in the recorder there. As an accessory to the recorder sold to the external amplifier - the speakers.

Mohawk Midgetape 44 (BR-1) with an external amplifier - speaker (photo from Internet)

     The device was bought in a faulty state. The sound was, but very weak, and amid loud crackling. Repair was quite difficult, but I managed to find the faulty capacitor on a ceramic board amplifier. In the process of repair, I checked the radio tubes, and tried to pick up their analogues. It turned out that the scheme works fine with the Russian radio tubes 06P2B (
analogue XFW40) and 1P3B (analogue XFY54). In this case the frequency characteristics of the amplifier to improve. Kinematics was almost a working, required only lubrication of bearings, and replace the rubber belt unit rolling. The main belt, made of coiled steel spring, I do not have to. Currently, the recorder works perfectly, as new. Externally, the apparatus is preserved very well, and mechanics was also a little worn. Apparently they are not used for a long time, most likely he quickly broke down, and forgot about it.
     The recorder came with the original batteries. One of them - b-battery 30 v, such as Eveready № 506, the other - the battery of the engine and glow of tubes, such as 2X62X Burgess. This battery has three contacts, one medium - common (-), and two side with voltages + 9 v, and + 1,5 v. New same battery, I gathered from six batteries AAA, and one AA.
     Also included with the recorder I got the original cassette (cartridge), the original crystal microphone, unfortunately failed, and the connecting cable to connect to an external amplifier. The tape has an unusual design with the coils located one above the other.
Her body and all the details in full metal. Tape, 1 / 4 inches short of 1 hour of recording (2 x 30 min.). At a speed of   1, 7/8 inches per second.
Dimensions recorder 220 x 100 x 55 mm. Weight complete with batteries and tape - 1,3 kg. Net weight 0,9 kg. 

Photos can be enlarged



The photo on the left of the apparatus with the original batteries. In the photo on the right improvised.



On the left picture view of the apparatus below. One can see the two screws fixing the kinematics to the shell. In the larger picture right is marking the date of manufacture - NOV 23 1956 OK


Dimensions without motor centrifugal regulator - 49 x 28 mm


Electric motor speed regulator on the lamp with filter. It is located in a metal box near the electric motor


The original radio tubes. Longer - XFY 54 (32 x 6 x 8 mm.). Two short - XFW40 (27 x 8.5 x 6 mm.)


      Tubes 1P3B and 06P2B - Soviet counterparts XFY54 and XFW40. Passport size 38 x 10.2 x 7.2 mm and 32 x 10.2 x 7.2 mm. The actual dimensions of 37 x 10 x 6.7 mm and 30 x 10 x 6.7 mm.
      Similar Subminiature radio tubes from different manufacturers vary in size. Some of the small radio tubes manufactured by "Raytheon". For example, the lamp CK538DX (analogue and XFW40 06P2B) has dimensions of just 25.4 x 7.2 x 5.6 mm and it is commensurate with the size of transistors.

When repairing the amplifier had to unplug the lamp module. On the left he is in his place, he pictured right unsoldered, and you can see an empty window in the amplifier board


On the ceramic plate located lamp socket, planar capacitors and resistors amplifier circuit. Such modules for hearing aids began to be produced in 1945, (the same in PDF) and during the war, this technology produced modules for military use. Look at the report on the symposium on printed circuits, which was held in 1947 in the United States.


     Mohawk Midgetape started producing in 1955, such as subminiature modules audio amplifier company "Centralab" started producing commercially in 1945. These photos I found in a magazine "Radio & Television News" of August 1950. In addition to these modules, they are ready to assemble the radio components, capacitors, resistors on a ceramic substrate in a miniature version, such as such

      Manufacturing technology is described in the magazine "Radio & Television News" №12 for 1949.  Conductive tracks on the ceramic substrate made by photo printing emulsion with silver powder and fusing in a furnace. The resistors were formed by applying to a substrate through a stencil graphite resistive paint, followed by firing in a furnace.  
As can be seen, the recorder module is very similar to that described in the magazine "Radio & Television News" of August 1950, but there are some differences. In fact there were several modifications in the illustrated magazine module "PC-201 Model 2" and in my recorder module is used "PC-203 Model 3" or "PC-205 Model 3", which have the same circuit.

      Description of the amplifier module "Ampec" from the catalog "Allied Radio" for 1952. There is also a description and other modules manufactured by this technology.

      In "Centralab Catalog № 29" shows the prices for all models of these amplifiers. Modules PC-200, PC-202 and PC-204, sold without the vacuum tubes and the model PC-201, PC-203 and PC-205 supplied with radio tubes, respectively, and they cost differently. I must say that such prices at that time were not small. For comparison, for example a stationary reel tape cost about $ 100.

      The original scheme of the recorder at the time I did not have, but it completely and I did not need, since he was only a faulty lamp module. During the repair I made sketches of his scheme, and now brought them to order and make a normal picture. Accurate resistor values. The values of the capacitors are approximate, but it is not critical, since such schemes normally work with a large spread of denominations and resistors and capacitors. On the enlarged picture everything in sight.  

     The circuit modules "PC-203 Model 3" and "PC-205 Model 3", presented in the "Centralab Catalog № 29" is slightly different from the one I drew. Also in the catalog indicates the use of the lamp module CK512AX, CK547AX, CK548AX, CK549AX, DX, but are not mentioned CK525AX, CK542AX, DX, XFY54 and XFW40, which are also used in them. This could mean that in addition to basic and other modifications were not listed in the directory.

Schematic diagram Mohawk Midgetape 44 (BR-1) of the service manual, which I recently managed to acquire. I scanned it, and placed at the bottom of the page

Another version of the three radio tube amplifier module "Centralab", but with the volume control and output transformer. Photos from the magazine "Radio & Television News" №12 for 1949.

     Actually, it turns out that such a portable tape recorders could appear much earlier, back in the 40s. Technology tape recording time has already been, and everything else, mechanical parts, engine and compact batteries is not a problem in the manufacture and sub-miniature radio tubes began producing commercially in 1940. This example CK501X, CK502X, CK503X, CK504X production of Raytheon. The truth is the first such lamps were somewhat larger than it is now - 39.7 x 14 mm and in the version with base, they became even greater. The marking lamp base absent index X, - CK501 ... CK504.

The first mention of these lamps I have found in the catalog "Allied Radio" in 1940


    The last advertisements of the lamp in a version I found in the "Radio Chack Catalog" for 1945. Please note that for five years the price has not changed
However, at the same time it is made smaller radio tubes index AX

      Familiar sizes today have lamps "Raytheon" with the AX index, which began to be produced during the war. It is in this version like radio tubes have become very popular and widely used in the future of diverse radio equipment, even in aviation and space. Subsequently, similar lamps made even smaller sizes, such as radio tubes DF64, DF651, CK538DX is measured only 25.4 x 7.2 x 5.6 mm.
I should add that the use of such lamps in the portable equipment first mastered in Germany.
In 1951 we began to produce the first "pocket" wire recorder "Minifon Mi51", assembled in three subminiature lamps type DF67 and DL67.

Original battery type 2X62X. Dimensions 60 x 55 43 mm. Weight 210 g.


The battery is assembled with 14 elements, covered with resin.



Homemade battery made of six AAA batteries, and one AA batteries. For the manufacture of cardboard boxes used a scanned image of the original.



The original battery 30 v such as Eveready ¹ 506. The sizes 35 х 29 х 15 mm. Weight of 25 g. The battery is inserted into the steel container, and squeezed it flat shaped spring.


Homemade battery 24 v is made of two batteries of 12 v type MN. To supply anodes 24 v enough, since they are calculated on the anode voltage 15 - 22 v.


The original tape unassembled. The body and all parts of iron, and coils located one above the other. The width of the film 1 / 4 inches. Hours 1 hour (2 x 30 min).


Connection cable for connection to an external amplifier. Has a shunt resistance of 2.2 kom.


Crystal microphone and the original packaging. Unfortunately, it turned out to be defective. Capsule microphone consists of an iron shell with aluminum membrane, under which the crystal. After opening of the membrane revealed that the crystal was destroyed. Crystal Repair I used from another microphone. Now the microphone is in working condition.


Service Manual recorder Mohawk Midgetape BR-1

The construction of all types of recorders Mohawk Midgetape same.



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